Sunday, 29 January 2012

Monfragüe National Park

Basic Data

Monfragüe was declared Natural Park in 1979 and National Park in 2007. It is located in the comarca of la Vera (Cáceres), between the cities of Trujillo and Plasencia. It has an extension of 17 852 ha.

It is a Mediterranean forest (belongs to the Temperate zone).

Monfragüe

Fauna


The variety of biotopes allows a great diversity of animal life. Monfragüe fauna has more than 280 species of vertebrates, with very significant species. The rocks, the meadows, ponds, rivers, wildlife assure good shelter on one side and the other feeding area, which favors the concentration of many animal species.

Birds

The imperia eagle (with 10 couples), the booted eagle (with 24 pairs), black vulture, black stork (with 30 pairs), griffon vulture (with more than 400 pairs), eagle owl, golden eagle, short-toed eagle (20 pairs), bonelli´s eagle, the vulture (with 35 pairs). The black vulture is in serious danger of extinction and Monfragüe has the largest colony in the world, with more than 200 pairs.

Black Vulture

Also we can find in the rocks of Monfragüe other birds such as the goshawk and sparrowhawk.

In the meadow we also find a beatiful bird: the blue kite.

In the meadows feeding scavenger birds like vultures. Vulture eats mainly dead cattle and sheep, cows, pigs and goats, also deer and wild boar. The imperial eagle is leading the rabbit food. In the aquatic environment have also kingfisher, the herons and imperial.

Mammals

Between the thick hide species like the Iberian lynx, also in grave danger of extinction. The otter is the only mammal that lives in Monfragüe the aquatic environment.
Iberian lynx
We can also find the mongoose, deer, gent, wild cat, the dormouse, the meadow itself, like the marten, or Weasels.

Fish

More than twenty-six different species of fish can be bound in various aquatic habitats: rivers, dams and ponds. As the most abundant species: barbell, carp, bordello, nase, celandine, Anguilla, tench and teal.

Carp

Other Animals
Other species we can mention are among the reptiles, the lizard and the terrapin, (fresh water turtle) very abundant in these banks. Among amphibians, we can mention the tritons frog.

Vegetation

With the exception of eucalyptus trees, native vegetation in Monfragüe is very well preserved, showing great diversity of spaces: oak, forest, Mediterranean scrub. The most important species are oaks, cork oaks, cists, heather, arbutus, juniper, cornicabra alisos, lames, acebuche, the there are over 348 different plant species in total.

Cork oak

Monfragüe forms two slopes of sunny and shady. In the shade, we can find: oak tree, arce, cornicabra, strawberry, durillo, labiernago, rusco, myrtle, heather tree and sarsaparrilla.

In the sunny area, the vegetation is adapted to draught and high summer temperatures, and trees that appear are: oak, acebuche, piruetano or wild pear, olivilla, broom, lavender, cists and gorse. In the meadow we can find up to 40 species of herbaceous plants per m2.

In the natural ecosystem of banks, we find trees such as alders and willows.

Abiotic Factors

The river Tajo goes through the protected space.

 River Tajo in Monfragüe

 
The climate is Mediterranean, with Atlantic and Continental influences. The temperature annual media is 16ºC. And the precipitation media is between 700 and 1 000 annual mm. The summers are very dry and the winters are very wet.


By Alma Ying Valdeolivas Poveda, Samantha Sánchez Coliao, Yolanda Chamoso Velázquez and Asier López Gordon (second E, year 2011-2012)

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