Monday, 30 January 2012

Topography

Cape Ortegal
Carnota, on the Atlantic coast of Galicia
The Ría de Arousa (Pontevedra) has the largest surface area of any of Galicia's rías, or indeed of any in Spain[18]. The Ría of Ferrol was an important military base of SpainThe interior of Galicia is a hilly landscape, composed of relatively low mountain ranges without sharp peaks, rising to 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in the eastern mountains. There are many rivers, most (though not all) running down relatively gentle slopes in narrow river valleys, though at times their courses become far more rugged, as in the canyons of the Sil river, Galicia's second most important river after the Miño.


Climate, Temperature and Precipitation

The Galicia's forest has a rainy climate, and that all of it is influenced by the prevailing westerly air masses bring wet, wether they are polar or tropical. However, the frecuency and distribution of rainfall is not the same through out the region. These forest has a mild temperature and abundant prcipitation almost alway above 800 mm . In these forest is reached the minimun in summmer and maximun in winter

Flora

Galicia has more than 2800 plant species. Plant endemics are represented by 31 taxons. Also, Galicia is one of the more forested areas of Spain, but the majority of Galicia's plantations, usually growing eucalyptus or pine, lack any formal management.[21] Wood and wood products figure significantly in Galicia's economy.
Apart from tree plantations, Galicia is also notable for the extensive surface occupied by meadows used for animal husbandry, an important activity.
A few oak forests (known locally as fragas) remain, particularly in the north-central part of the province of Lugo and the north of the province of A Coruña (Fragas do Eume).
Reforestation with eucalyptus began in the Francisco Franco era, largely on behalf of the paper company Empresa Nacional de Celulosas de España (ENCE) in Pontevedra, which wanted it for its pulp

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