Friday, 3 June 2016

Glacier Bay Natinal Park and Preserve

Made by: Ángel Becerra: Type of ecosystem, Hermine Manvelyan: Biotope, Luis Dominguez: Biocenosis

Glacier Bay




A045, Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska, USA, Johns Hopkins Glacier, 2002.jpg
One of Glacier Bay's many landforms is beaches. Although there aren't specific names to them. There is 1100 miles of coastline. Glacier Bay is famous for its glaciers. There are many glaciers in the park, but some of them are close to the shore and are easy to see. The ice on the front of the glacier can be anywhere from 75 to 200 years old. There are many snow capped mountains in Glacier Bay, and rivers.
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve is a United States national park.In total the park and preserve cover 5,130 square miles (13,287 km2). Most of Glacier Bay is designated wilderness area which covers 4,164 square miles (10,784 km2). Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve occupies the northernmost section of the southeastern Alaska coastline.




  • Type of ecosystem that it represents:

      The type of ecosystem of the Glacier Bay National park is wet tundra. Three major marine ecosystems have been identified in and around the park and preserve: continental shelf, wave-beaten coasts and fjord estuaries. The plants and animals of Glacier Bay are mainly those of the temperate North Pacific coast between northern California and southcentral Alaska rather than of the interior of Alaska. There is a lot of marine life. Marine mammals include the humpback whale, killer whale, harbor porpoise, harbor seal, Steller sea lion, and sea otter.



  •  Biotope:

1. Geographical Location

Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve occupies the northernmost section of the southeastern Alaska coastline, between the Gulf of Alaska and Canada.









2. Geology: Rocks and type of landform



http://www.glacierbay.org/images/calving_glacier1.jpgOne of Glacier Bay's many landforms is beaches. Although there aren't specific names to them. There is 1100 miles of coastline. Glacier Bay is famous for its glaciers. There are many glaciers in the park, but some of them are close to the shore and are easy to see. The ice on the front of the glacier can be anywhere from 75 to 200 years old. There are many snow capped mountains in Glacier Bay, and rivers.

Glacier Bay was formed by Convergent Boundaries. The North American plate pushed into the Pacific plate, which makes these chunks of land called terranes. Four of these make up the park.




Coal  Limestone


Dolmite   Gold

Iron


These are the minerals that can be found in Glacier Bay.


3. Climate: temperature and precipitation seasons.


Glacier Bay gets up to 1,15 l of annual precipitation each year, whether that be rain or snow.Glacier Bay has a moderate, wet climate.
Summer temps can go up to 10 degrees celsius to 16 degrees celsius. Winter gets temps from about -4 degrees celsius to 4 degrees celsius.
April, May, and June are normally the driest months of the year. September and October tend to be the wettest .



  • Biocenosis:
1. Animals:
Killer Whale


Salmon



Cod



Seal



      


Nutria
Tufted Puffin

Sea Lions
Brown Bear
Moose



Sea Urchin

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